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Prince Edward Island: Location and Land


One of the four Atlantic Provinces, Prince Edward Island (PEI) lies in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, separated from Nova Scotia and New Brunswick by the Northumberland Strait.


Prince Edward Island is Canada's smallest province in both area and population. A crescent-shaped island PEI is 224 km in length and ranges in width from 6 to 64 km, giving it a total area of 5660 km2. Its highest point is 152 m above sea level.

The Land

Prince Edward Island is noted for its 'red' rich soil, sand dunes and 800 km of beaches. It has numerous lakes and rivers, most of which are quite small. The rich soil and a temperate climate make PEI ideal for mixed farming. Half of its land is under cultivation, earning it the nickname "the Garden Province."

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