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Declaration of Saint-Ours


In 1837 Lord John Russell, Minister of Interior Department, submitted a series of ten resolutions to the British Parliament which did not grant to the Canadians the reforms for which they asked. Assemblies of protest organized themselves. Led by Louis-Joseph Papineau the people adopted several resolutions, known from under the name of Déclaration of Saint-Ours. These documents were based upon the Declaration of the Congress of 1774 for the United States and the Declaration of the rights of man for France of 1789 ".

This Declaration includes twelve articles which " condense in some precise formulas the ideas and the intentions of the patriotic heads ".

Declaration of Saint-Ours:


That we saw with the feelings of sharpest indignation the resolutions suggested with the adoption of the room of the communes, the last 6 Mars, resolutions of which the effect necessary is to remove us very guaranteed freedom and of good government for the future of this province.

That the adoption of these resolutions will be an obvious violation on behalf of the communes and government which proposed them, of the Capitulation, the treaties and the constitutional acts which were granted the country. That these acts, these treaties, carrying reciprocal obligations, knowledge of our share, love and obedience, on behalf of England, protection and guarantee of freedom, would be virtually cancelled by the violation of the promises of the one of the contracting parts.

That in these circumstances, we could not look at the government which would have recourse to the injustice, the force and a violation of the social contract, that like a capacity oppressor, a government of force, for which the measurement of our tender should be from now on only the measurement of our numerical force, joined to sympathies that we will be elsewhere...

That we deny at the English Parliament the right of législater on the interior businesses of this colony, against our assent and without our participation and our requests, like the not-exercise of this right by England was guaranteed to us by the Constitution and was recognized by the metropolis when it A fears that we did not accept the offers of freedom and independence which would make us the close republic. That consequently, we look like null and not-which occurred the act commercial of Canada, the act which incorporates the company known as Compagnie of the Grounds, and finally the act which will undoubtedly be based on the resolutions which have been just adopted by the Communes.

That looking at us related only by the force to the English government, we will be subjected to him as to a government of force, waiting of God, our right good and the circumstances a better fate, the benefits of freedom and a government righter. That however, like our public money of which in ose to lay out without any control the metropolitan government, will become between its hands a new means of pressure against us, and which we look like our duty, like our honor to currently resist by all the means in our possession a tyrannical capacity; to decrease as much as it is in us, these means of oppression, we solve:

That we will abstain from, as much as it will be in our capacity, to consume the articles imported, particularly those which pay higher rights, such as the tea, the tobacco, the wines, rum, etc. That we will consume preferably, the manufactured goods in this country; that we will look at as well deserving fatherland whoever will establish silk manufactures, cloths, fabrics, is of sugar, spirits, etc. That regarding the act commercial as nonwhich occurred, we will look like very licit, the trade indicated under the name of smuggling; will consider this traffic very honourable; drudges to support it of all our capacity, looking at those which will be delivered to it like deserving country well, and as infamous whoever would stand as denouncer against them.

That to make these resolutions more effective, this assembly thinks that one should make in the country a patriotic association whose center would be in Quebec or in Montreal, with an aim of committing itself not consuming, as much as he is in us, who manufactured goods in this country, or been essential here without to have paid rights... That more effectively to operate the regeneration of this country, it is advisable, with the example of Ireland, to join all around a man. That this man, God marked like O' Connell to be the political head, the regenerator of people. That it gave him for that a force of thought and word which is not exceeded; a hatred of the opression, a love of the country, that no promise, no threat of the capacity can distort. That this man already designated by the country: is L.J. Papineau. This assembly, considering the happy results obtained in Ireland of the tribute called tribute O' Connell, thinks that a similar tribute called Papineau tribute should exist in this country. The Association committees against the importation would be charged to take it.


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